Audio &Videos

Recent (November 2nd, 2015) radio interview with Ann Fisher on WOSU (89.7fm) discussing Dr. Reiss's new book, The 16 Strivings for God: The New Psychology of Religious Experiences. Click here for to listen or to watch.

The scientific support for the 16 basic desires was published in 17 scholarly articles and 12 books, some of which are listed here.


Reiss, S. (2004). Multifaceted nature of intrinsic motivation: The theory of 16 basic desires. Review of General Psychology, 8, 179-193.

Reiss, S., Wiltz, J., & Sherman, M. (2001). Trait motivational correlates of athleticism. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 1139-1145.

Havercamp, S. M., & Reiss, S. (2003). A comprehensive assessment of human strivings: Test-retest reliability and validity of the Reiss Profile. Journal of Personality Assessment, 81, 123-132.

Reiss, S. (2009). Six motivational reasons for low school achievement. Child and Youth Care Forum, 38, 219-225.

English-language Books (available from

Reiss, S. (2008). The Normal Personality: A New Way of Thinking about People. New York: Cambridge University Press. (Translated into German and Polish.)

Reiss, S. (2000). Who Am I? The 16 basic desires that motivate our actions and define our personalities. New York: Tarcher/Putnum. ISBN: 1-58542-045-X. (Translated into Chinese, Dutch, German, Japanese, Spanish, and Swedish.)

Reiss, S. (2010). Human needs and intellectual disabilities: Applications for person-centered planning and crisis intervention. Kingston, NY: NADD.

German-language Books (available from

Reiss, S. (2009) Wer bin ich und was will ich wirklich?: Mit dem Reiss-Profile die 16 Lebensmotive erkennen und nutzen.

Reiss, S. (2009). Das Reiss Profile: Die 16 Lebensmotive. Welche Werte und Bedurfnisse unserem Verhalten zugrunde liegen von Steven Reiss.

Brand, M., & Ion, F.K. (2011). Die 16 Lebensmotive in der Praxis: Das Reiss Profile in Training, Coaching und Beratung. (Taschenbuch - September 2011)

Reyss, A., & Birkhahn, T. (2009). Kraftquellen des Erfolgs - Das Reiss Profile Praxisbuch. Worauf es im Leben wirklich ankommt und wie Sie die 16 Lebensmotive im Alltag nutzen von Neu kaufen.

Ion, F. K., & Brand, M. (2009). Motivorientiertes Fuhren: Fuhren auf Basis der 16 Lebensmotive nach Steven Reiss.

Ion, F. K., & Brand, M. (2008). 30 Minuten fur mehr Work-Life-Balance durch die 16 Lebensmotive.

Other Scholarly Articles

Reiss, S. (2005). Extrinsic and intrinsic motivation at 30: Unresolved scientific issues. Behavior Analyst, 28, 1-14.

Reiss, S., & Havercamp, S. M. (2005). Motivation in Developmental Context: A new method of studying self-actualization. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 45, 41-53.

Reiss, S. (2004). The 16 strivings for God. Zygon, 39, 303-320.

Olson, K. R., & Weber, D. A. (2004). Relations between Big Five traits and fundamental motives. Psychological Reports, 95, 795-802.

Reiss, S., & Wiltz, J. (2004). Why people watch reality TV? Media Psychology, 6, 363-378.

Reiss, S., & Reiss, M. (2004) Curiosity and mental retardation: Beyond IQ. Mental Retardation, 42, 77-81.

Wiltz, J., & Reiss, S. (2003). Compatibility of housemates with mental retardation. American Journal of Mental Retardation, 108, 173-180.

Engel, G., Olson, K. R., & Patrick, C. (2002). The personality of love: Fundamental motives and traits related to components of love. Personality and Individual Differences, 32, 839-853.

Reiss, S. (2000). Why people turn to religion: A motivational analysis. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 39, 47-52.

Reiss, S., & Havercamp, S. M. (1998). Toward a comprehensive assessment of fundamental motivation. Psychological Assessment, 10, 97-106.

Reiss, S., Peterson, R.A., Gursky, D.M., & McNally, R.J. (1986). Anxiety sensitivity, anxiety frequency, and the prediction of fearfulness. Behavior Research and Therapy, 24, 1-8.

Reiss, S., & McNally, R.J. (1985). Expectancy model of fear. In S. Reiss and R.R. Bootzin (eds.), Theoretical issues in behavior therapy. New York: Academic Press, 107-121.

Reiss, S., & Sushinsky, L.W. (1975). Overjustification, competing responses, and the acquisition of intrinsic interest. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31, 1116-1125.